Peppermint is a natural hybrid of spearmint and water mint. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Lamiaceae ⁄ Labiatae – Mint family Genus: Mentha L. – mint Subordinate Taxa. The leaves and stems are harvested for numerous culinary and medicinal uses. Our peppermint leaves are … There are many types of mint available and it is widely grown. Mint (Mentha) is a perennial herb with a unique aroma and colorful history. Perilla frutescens, commonly called perilla or Korean perilla, is a species of Perilla in the mint family Lamiaceae.It is an annual plant native to Southeast Asia and Indian highlands, and is traditionally grown in the Korean peninsula, southern China, Japan and India as a crop. You can safely sample any member of the Mint family. Essential oil content is reduced during bloom. Mint Quick Facts; Name: Mint: Scientific Name: Mentha spicata: Origin: Native to Europe and Asia and naturalized in parts of northern and western Africa, North and South America and various oceanic islands. Flower spears are white or pale pink. Container grown mint plants can be brought indoors. In areas with mild winters, mint can be moved to a sheltered area of the garden to overwinter, otherwise the plant can be cut to the ground in the Fall. An edible plant, perilla is a very attractive plant for the garden and attracts butterflies. Not only will harvesting mint leaves frequently keep the herb in check, but it indicates to the plant to produce new aromatic foliage. Peppermint leaf is commonly steeped as a refreshing peppermint tea but is also popular in herbal tea blends and candies. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Eating a few Mint leaves after drinking from a creek certainly won't kill everything in the water, but it sure helps. Peppermint (M. × piperita), a hybrid between spearmint and water mint, has a heavy scent, stalked leaves, and reddish lilac flowers in dense spikes. You can begin picking mint leaves in the spring as soon as the plant has leafed out and continue to harvest as often as possible. Mint can be used fresh or dried. Mentha arvensis, the corn mint, field mint, or wild mint, is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae.It has a circumboreal distribution, being native to the temperate regions of Europe and western and central Asia, east to the Himalaya and eastern Siberia, and North America. It is used for its healthful properties and has many applications in food. If the mint growing in your backyard has soft, rounded leaves, it might be apple mint (Mentha suaveolens). Spearmint (Mentha spicata) grows to about 90 cm (3 feet) high, with open spikes of pink or lilac flowers and stalkless leaves; it has the characteristic mint fragrance. 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