Its boiling point is 313 °C (595 °F) and its density is 0.961 g/cm 3. USDA Certified Organic, 100% Pure, Cold Pressed, Unrefined. … [24], The castor oil plant produces abundant amounts of very light pollen, which easily become airborne and can be inhaled into the lungs, triggering allergic reactions. The leaves of some other varieties are green practically from the start, whereas in yet others a pigment masks the green color of all the chlorophyll-bearing parts, leaves, stems and young fruit, so that they remain a dramatic purple-to-reddish-brown throughout the life of the plant. The trend pattern, however, indicated some noticable fluctuations throughout the analyzed period. 1026-Giant Castor Bean (Ricinus communis 'zanzibariensis') Seeds by Robsrareandgiantseeds UPC0764425786030 Non-GMO,Organic,Historic Plants,1026 Package of 5 Seeds … [15] A water extract of the root bark showed analgesic activity in rats. Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). Although the lethal dose in adults is considered to be four to eight seeds, reports of actual poisoning are relatively rare. The pericarp of Ricinus showed central nervous system effects in mice at low doses. Black seed oil traveled through time and contributed to the well being of generations of people. [38], The ancient Romans had a variety of medicinal/cosmetic uses for both the seeds and the leaves of Ricinus communis. Castor Oil (4oz), USDA Certified Organic, 100% Pure, Cold Pressed, Hexane Free by Kate Blanc. [10] The stems and the spherical, spiny seed capsules also vary in pigmentation. Castor oil is the oil extracted from castor seeds, which come from the castor oil plant, scientifically known as Ricinus communis. In the garden, space castor plants 3 feet apart. The evolution of castor and its relation to other species are currently being studied using modern genetic tools. These seeds contain a high concentration of essential oil, ranging from 40-60% of the total volume. The seed also contains ricin, a water-soluble toxin, which is also present in lower concentrations throughout the plant. Around the world, Castor Oil continues to be used both cosmetically and medicinally to repair hair, to soften and soothe skin, and to ease aches and pains. Ricin has been investigated for its potential use as an insecticide. The fruit is a spiny, greenish (to reddish-purple) capsule containing large, oval, shiny, bean-like, highly poisonous seeds with variable brownish mottling. Castor-oil plant, large perennial plant of the spurge family, grown commercially for the pharmaceutical and industrial uses of its oil and for use in landscaping. The Ebers Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian medical treatise believed to date from 1552 BC. There are several active breeding programmes. The castor plant is the source of the castor seeds. Castor Seed Oil is a potent drug for treating rheumatism, gout and arthritis. Castor oil is extracted from the castor bean or castor seeds, which has a wide variety of uses in Ayurvedic medicine and cosmetics. Essential Oil for Face, Nails, Hair, Skin. Overall, the global castor oil seed output pursued a pronounced growth from 2007 to 2015. Due to this property, it is also used as a spermicide in spermicidal gels and lotions. The seeds contain between 40% and 60% oil that is rich in triglycerides, mainly ricinolein. Global castor oil seed production amounted to X thousand tonnes in 2015, declining by -X% against the previous year level. Castor seeds are also being used for medicinal and lighting purposes. [36], The use of castor bean oil (eranda) in India has been documented since 2000 BC in lamps and in local medicine as a laxative, purgative, and cathartic in Unani, Ayurvedic, siddha and other ethnomedical systems. Natural Arthritis Remedy. Sow castor seeds 1 inches deep and space the seeds at least 3 feet away. Castor oil is a thick, odorless oil made from the seeds of the castor plant. Herodotus and other Greek travellers noted the use of castor seed oil for lighting, body ointments, and improving hair growth and texture. Commercially available cold-pressed castor oil is not toxic to humans in normal doses, either internal or externally. It is thanks … In total-loss-lubrication applications, it tends to leave carbon deposits and varnish within the engine. Castor oil is produced by pressing ripe seeds that have had their outer covering (hull) removed. Great For DYI Creams, Lotions and Lip balms. Castor seed oil contains a toxin called ricin (a protein) which, if administered in very low dosages, acts as a germicidal substance. It has been largely replaced by synthetic oils that are more stable and less toxic. Natural Dry Skin Moisturizer by RejuveNaturals, Piteba Nut and Seed Oil Expeller Oil press, Organic Castor Oil-Ricinus Communis-100% Pure, Clean, Naked Castor Oil, (32 Ounce), Sunny Isle Jamaican Black Castor Oil Beard Oil 4oz, 100% Pure Carrier Oil Gift Set Cold Pressed Coconut Oil Sweet Almond Oil Avocado Oil Castor Oil Grape Seed Oil Moisturizer Massage Oil Hair Conditioner for Healthy Hair Growth and Anti Aging Skin Care, Organic Saw Palmetto Oil Serum. oz- 100% Pure and Natural - Premium Quality Moisturizes and Protects Dry Skin For Hair Growth, Eyelashes, Joint and Muscle Pain - Packaging May Vary, Cliganic USDA Organic Castor Oil, 100% Pure (8oz with Eyelash Kit) - For Eyelashes, Eyebrows, Hair & Skin | Natural Cold Pressed Unrefined Hexane-Free | DIY Carrier Oil | Cliganic 90 Days Warranty, PURA D'OR Organic Rosehip Seed Oil (4oz / 118mL) 100% Pure Cold Pressed USDA Certified Organic, All Natural Anti-Aging Moisturizer Treatment for Face, Hair, Skin, Nails, Men-Women (Packaging may vary), Jamaican Black Castor Seed Oil 36 oz 100% Pure Natural Black Castor Oil Partially Refined Cold Pressed JBCO - Therapeutic Grade A for Hair Skin Body Eyebrow Eyelash, WOW Onion Black Seed Hair Oil for Natural Hair Care and Growth, Essential Vitamins In Almond, Castor, Jojoba, Olive & Coconut Oils For Dry Scalp and Hair, Slow Down Hair Loss, Thicker Eyebrows, 200mL, Now Solutions, Organic Jojoba Oil, Moisturizing Multi-Purpose Oil for Face, Hair and Body, 4 Fl Oz, Best Organic Hair Growth Oils Guaranteed. It is regularly given to children to treat infections with parasitic worms. Members of the Bodo tribe of Bodoland in Assam, India, use the leaves of the plant to feed the larvae of muga and endi silkworms. "[40], In Haiti it is called maskreti,[41] where the plant is turned into a red oil that is then given to newborns as a purgative to cleanse the insides of their first stools. Cleopatra is reputed to have used it to brighten the whites of her eyes. [20], Selections have been made by breeders for use as ornamental plants (heights refer to plants grown as annuals) and for commercial production of castor oil.[11]. Liquid Aerating Soil Loosener- Aerator Soil Conditioner- No Mechanical or Core Aeration- Simple Lawn Solutions- Any Grass Type, All Season- Great for Compact Soils, Standing Water, Poor Drainage. The oil-rich beanlike seeds contain the poison ricin, one of the most toxic substances known. An alcoholic extract of the leaf was shown, in lab rats, to protect the liver from damage from certain poisons. Add some well-rotted compost in the planting hole. [4], Its seed is the castor bean, which, despite its name, is not a bean. Global castor seed production is around two million tons per year. Traditional Ayurvedic and siddha medicine considers castor oil the king of medicinals for curing arthritic diseases. Boiled by themselves, and applied to the face for three successive days, they improve the complexion. It is also used extensively as a decorative plant in parks and other public areas, particularly as a "dot plant" in traditional bedding schemes. The flowers lack petals and are unisexual (male and female) where both types are borne on the same plant (monoecious) in terminal panicle-like inflorescences of green or, in some varieties, shades of red. [44] (See also: Castor oil's use as a means of intimidation in Fascist Italy), Monotypic genus of plant in the family Euphorbiaceae, Williamson E. M. (ed) "Major Herbs of Ayurveda", Churchill Livingstone 2002, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Castor oil's use as a means of intimidation in Fascist Italy, Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes, "Growing danger: Toxic plants pose pet threat", Union County College: Biology: Plant of the Week: Castor Bean Plant, "Final 2012 Data and Preliminary 2013 Data for 5 major commodity aggregates", "Castor Oil Induces Laxation and Uterus Contraction via Ricinoleic Acid Activating Prostaglandin EP3 Receptors", "Antibacterial, anthelmintic and anti-amoebic activity in South African medicinal plants", "Pliny, the Natural History Chapter 41. Crude methanolic extract, enriched n-hexane fraction and isolates at doses 100 mg/kg p.o. It is used as a lubricant in high-speed engines and aero planes, in the manufacture of soaps, transparent paper, printing-inks, varnishes, linoleum and plasticizers. Ricinus communis can vary greatly in its growth habit and appearance. [43], Castor oil was used as an instrument of coercion by the paramilitary Blackshirts under the regime of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and by the Spanish Civil Guard in Francoist Spain. Castor is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India, but is widespread throughout tropical regions (and widely grown elsewhere as an ornamental plant).[5]. Ricinus communis, the castor bean or castor oil plant, is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. Produced with the right technique, the pure oil of the seeds is not a danger; the mash left behind contains the ricin. The name Ricinus is a Latin word for tick; the seed is so named because it has markings and a bump at the end that resemble certain ticks. Compounds named (3E,7Z,11E)-19-hydroxycasba-3,7,11-trien-5-one, 6α-hydroxy-10β-methoxy-7α,8α-epoxy-5-oxocasbane-20,10-olide, 15α-hydroxylup-20(29)-en-3-one, and (2R,4aR,8aR)-3,4,4a,8a-tetrahydro-4a-hydroxy-2,6,7,8a-tetramethyl-2-(4,8, 12-trimethyltridecyl)-2H-chromene-5,8-dione were isolated from the methanol extracts of Ricinus communis by chromatographic methods. [39] He also recommends the use of the leaves as follows: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "The leaves are applied topically with vinegar for erysipelas, and fresh-gathered, they are used by themselves for diseases of the mamillæ [breasts] and de- fluxions; a decoction of them in wine, with polenta and saffron, is good for inflammations of various kinds. The plant is also a very strong trigger for asthma, and allergies to Ricinus are commonplace and severe. These types … Outsidepride Impala Ricinus Communis Castor Bean Plant Seed - 50 Seeds, FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon, Outsidepride Castor Bean Zanzibariensis Plant Seed - 50 Seeds, Ricinus Communis Impala, Sold By Exotic Cactus, Purple Rare Jatropha Castor Bean Oil Plant Seed 50 Seeds, Jamaican Black Castor Oil USDA Certified Organic for Hair Growth and Skin Conditioning [SCENT REGULAR]- 100% Cold-Pressed 4oz Bottle, Outsidepride Bright Red Ricinus Communis Castor Bean Seeds - 15 Seeds, Castor Oil USDA Organic Cold-Pressed (16oz) 100% Pure Hexane-Free Castor Oil - Conditioning & Healing, For Dry Skin, Hair Growth - For Skin, Hair Care, Eyelashes - Caster Oil By Sky Organics. Castor oil is rich in ricinoleic acid, a monounsaturated fatty acid. It is a fast-growing, suckering shrub that can reach the size of a small tree, around 12 m (39 ft), but it is not cold hardy. It is resistant to fusarium wilt, 'Hiruy' was developed by the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research's. During the 2019/20 crop year, Brazil is forecasted to plant approximately 48 thousand hectares of castor oil seed, registering the third consecutive year of area growth. 'Carmencita Bright Red' has red stems, dark purplish leaves and red seed pods; 'Carmencita Pink' has green leaves and pink seed pods, 'Gibsonii' has red-tinged leaves with reddish veins and bright scarlet seed pods, 'New Zealand Purple' has plum colored leaves tinged with red, plum colored seed pods turn to red as they ripen, 'Impala' is compact (only 1.2 metres or 3.9 feet tall) with reddish foliage and stems, brightest on the young shoots, 'Red Spire' is tall (2–3 metres or 6.6–9.8 feet) with red stems and bronze foliage, 'Zanzibarensis' is also tall (2–3 metres or 6.6–9.8 feet), with large, mid-green leaves (50 centimetres or 20 inches long) that have white midribs. [25] According to the Guinness World Records, this is the world's most poisonous common plant. Ricinus communis, the castor bean[1] or castor oil plant,[2] is a species of perennial flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. In areas prone to frost it is usually shorter, and grown as if it were an annual. Castor is a plant that produces seeds (beans). Historically, the oil-rich Castor seeds, or the “beans,” were traditionally used without their hulls as a method of birth control as well as a treatment for leprosy and syphilis. Castor Oil 16 oz Cold Pressed 100% Pure Natural Carrier - Skin, Face, Body And Hair Growth Moisturizer. [26] Symptoms of overdosing on ricin, which can include nausea, diarrhea, tachycardia, hypotension and seizures, persist for up to a week. Ricinus Communis Impala, Sold By Exotic Cactus, Purple Rare Jatropha Castor Bean Oil Plant Seed 5… Translated in 1872, it describes castor oil as a laxative. It has historically been popular for lubricating two-stroke engines due to high resistance to heat compared to petroleum-based oils. Castor seeds have been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to 4000 BC; the slow-burning oil was mostly used to fuel lamps. The common name "castor oil", from which the plant gets its name, probably comes from its use as a replacement for castoreum , a perfume base made from the dried perineal glands of the beaver ( castor … How can castor seeds be so dangerous and castor oil be safe for children? Rheumatism. [30], Three terpenoids and a tocopherol-related compound have been found in the aerial parts of Ricinus. It was once used by Egyptians and more generally in the middle east as well as in India. The castor oil derived from castor seed is used in the production of paints, engineering plastics, and jet engine lubricants. Although not cultivated there, the plant grows wild in the US, notably Griffith Park in Los Angeles. A Natural Moisturizer. It grows up to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in) and has 10% of the ricin content of 'Hale', 'BRS Nordestina' was developed by Brazil's, 'BRS Energia" was developed by Embrapa in 2004 for mechanised or hand harvest, 'GCH5' was developed by Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada University, 1995. Castor oil may also show up on an ingredient label by its Latin name, Ricinus communis. An unrelated plant species of similar appearance, Fatsia japonica (false castor oil plant), grows in Japan. Pure Unrefined Oils for Thickening Hair, Eyelashes, Eyebrows. Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans. The naturalist Pliny the Elder cited the poisonous qualities of the seeds, but mentioned that they could be used to form wicks for oil lamps (possibly if crushed together), and the oil for use as a laxative and lamp oil. Keep the soil moist and transplant them to bigger pot or in the garden when the two real leaves emerge. Recently, this oil is becoming more and more popular and its reputation is already well established! [3] It reproduces with a mixed pollination system which favors selfing by geitonogamy but at the same time can be an out-crosser by anemophily (wind pollination) or entomophily (insect pollination). [29] The castor oil plant is also the source for undecylenic acid, a natural fungicide. Whether natural, blended, or chemically altered, castor oil still has many uses. Harris Organic Plant Food and Plant Fertilizer, Hydrolyzed Liquid Fish Fertilizer Emulsion Great for Tomatoes and Vegetables, 3-3-0.3, 32oz (32oz (Quart)), Trifecta Crop Control Super Concentrate All-in-One Natural Pesticide, Fungicide, Miticide, Insecticide, Eliminate Spider Mites, Powdery Mildew, Botrytis, Mold and More on Plants Non-Toxic 4 Oz, Shop Our Collection of Rejuvenating Oils & Serums. Solution: NOW ® Organic Castor Oil is expeller-pressed from the seed of Ricinus communis and is virtually odorless. Poisoning occurs when animals, including humans, ingest broken castor beans or break the seed by chewing: intact seeds may pass through the digestive tract without releasing the toxin. [27] The toxin provides the castor oil plant with some degree of natural protection from insect pests such as aphids. It is also used as a food plant by the larvae of some other species of Lepidoptera, including Hypercompe hambletoni and the nutmeg (Discestra trifolii). - Castor Oil, 16 Remedies", A Bean Called Castor Can Cut Carbon & Fuel the Future, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ricinus&oldid=991812631, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, No symbol = official figure, F = FAO estimate, * = Unofficial/Semi-official/mirror data, A = Aggregate (may include official, semi-official or estimates).